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    All the skills which I have acquired during my sociological life allow me to diagnose and explain what is going on, but not to predict what will happen.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    After many years of thinking, reading and writing and looking, I came to believe that there are two basic, essential values which are indispensable for humane, decent, dignified life: one is freedom, and the other is security.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    We have a reversal of a longstanding trend, from rising inequality across nations and constant or declining inequality within nations, to declining inequality across nations and rising inequality within them.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Happiness needs one-upmanship.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: happiness 
     
    Now people are worried not about the prospects of buying new things, but about how to pay for the things they bought yesterday, a year ago or years before. It is, as Americans like to say, "a wholly different kind of ball-game".
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  american  year 
     
    With every death, a world is disappearing.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: death  world 
     
    With globalization and with a lot of power evaporating from the nation-states, the late-19th century established hierarchies of importance, or 'pecking orders' of cultures, presenting assimilation as an advancement or promotion, dissolved.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: power  culture 
     
    The task is to keep the lost opportunities of the past alive.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: past  lost  opportunities 
     
    Freedom is the slogan of the strong, who feel self confident, self sufficient to do it alone.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: freedom  self  alone  strong 
     
    I was watching the TV broadcasts interviewing people stranded at airports for days on end, losing their holidays, their important business meetings and the long-awaited ability to see their families... In short, suffering. No one complained, though! They kept repeating: we are so grateful for the care taken of our safety, for feeling. They were ready to surrender a good deal of their human dignity, individuality, freedom of choice.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Security is the slogan for people who feel unable to function by their own means.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people 
     
    Security was the demand which set in motion labour movements in history; trade unions, friendly societies, consumer cooperatives were all about compensating for the impotence of individual resistance.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: society 
     
    Freedom is the slogan which speaks to the ears of people who feel strong enough to manage on their own using their own resources, who can do without dependency because they can do without others caring for them.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  freedom  strong 
     
    We are always confronted with choice.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: choice 
     
    I guess I am doomed to remain an outsider to the end, lacking as I am the indispensable qualities of an academic insider: school loyalty, conformity to the procedure, and readiness to obey by the school-endorsed criteria of cohesion and consistency.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    What is happening now is that the number of people who are not strong enough or do not feel strong enough to decide to live without the security provided by the community or the state, is going up.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  live  community  strong 
     
    As the run-by-capital society of producers turned since into the run-by-capital society of consumers, I would say that the main, indeed "meta", function of the governments has become now to assure that it is the meetings between commodities and the consumers, and credit issuers and the borrowers, that regularly take place.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    "Community" came to be seen as a chat-group: you switch on as long as your pleasure lasts, then push another button and switch off. Very easy to go in and out, join and leave.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: pleasure 
     
    Once upon a time, when I was young, people saw a wedding as an event that determined the rest of their life. For a rising number of people today, it is quite normal to "try and err", marry, divorce, marry again.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: time  people  young  divorce  marry 
     
    There is less pressure on abandoning native communities: what for? There is nothing to be gained by it. On one hand, there are plenty tempting opportunities of experimenting with identities - being one kind of person today and a different the next day. On the other hand, there is little pressure to include the ethnic identity or religious identity into this mechanism, because now everybody is in a kind of Diaspora today.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    The secret of every durable ... social system is the recasting of 'functional prerequisites' into behavioral motives for actors.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: secret 
     
    Life purpose may be shifted from achieving a 'steady state' (an equilibrium between desires and plausibilities) to the excitement of running after novelties. In other words, be guided by new desires, not by extant needs.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: desires  running 
     
    Every interpretation is but an introduction to another interpretation, and that is how Talmud pages are printed.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Fully "biodegradable" structures are nowadays the ideal and the standards to which most, if not all structures, struggle to measure up.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: struggle  standard 
     
    It is more or less clear that one idea which should emerge from the crash, whatever happens with the attempts to save the banks from bankruptcy and people from being evicted from their homes, is that this kind of life is unsustainable. We cannot go on like this... something must be done.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  ideas 
     
    The tragedy is what - given the 'right circumstances,' - normal decent folks, like you and me, will do. This is what makes me worry whenever looking on the road that Israel entered and shows no intention of leaving.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: decent  right  tragedy  worries 
     
    Everybody is in trouble, including the up-and-coming economic miracles of China, Brazil or India.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: miracle  india  economics 
     
    We are living at the moment in revolutionary times. Argentineans probably are more aware of it than anybody else, because they tasted it several years earlier - but now the whole world is in trouble.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: time  living  world  moment  year 
     
    At the turn of the twenty-first century, the richest 5 percent of people receive one-third of total global income, as much as the poorest 80 percent.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people 
     
    The inequality between the world's individuals is staggering.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: world 
     
    State governments seek local remedies for the globally fabricated deprivations and miseries in vain - just as the individuals-by-the-decree-of-fate (read: by the impact of deregulation) seek in vain the individual solutions to the socially fabricated life problems.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    The visual does seem to me the most thoroughly grasped and recorded among my impressions; sight seems to be my principal sense organ, and "seeing" supplies the key metaphors for reporting the perception.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: perception  key  metaphor 
     
    Throughout early modernity there were very strong pressures on Jews to assimilate. Assimilating meant cutting your ties with the community of origin.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: community  strong 
     
    Lev (Léon) Shestov, a Russian Jew who later became a French Jew and even converted to Catholicism, defined God not by His power to create the laws of universe, but His ability to break them at will - the capacity for miracles. God could cancel the past! For instance, God could decide retrospectively, that Socrates was never poisoned... Assimilation demanded a miracle: that you stop having been somebody else before... But only God can do it.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: power  law  miracle  god  universe 
     
    Most young people today prefer just to move in together and stay together as long, but no longer, as satisfaction lasts.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  young 
     
    Christ could not create a codified 'Christian ethics'; such a thing would be a contradiction in terms.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: christian  christ 
     
    We have to change the perception that ANC members are corrupt just because of a few greedy individuals.
    — Zweli Mkhize
    A mystery is the most stimulating force in unleashing the imagination.
    — Zuzana Licko
    The most popular typefaces are the easiest to read; their popularity has made them disappear from conscious cognition. It becomes impossible to tell if they are easy to read because they are commonly used, or if they are commonly used because they are easy to read.
    — Zuzana Licko
    I hate optimism out of insensitivity.
    — Zuoxiao Zuzhou
    tags: hate 
     
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