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    This awful concept of underclass is really horrifying. You're not lower class, you are excluded - outside.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Why do I write books? Why do I think? Why should I be passionate? Because things could be different, they could be made better.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: write 
     
    There are other ways of finding satisfaction, recipes for human happiness, enjoyment, dignified and meaningful, gratifying life, than increased consumption that increases production.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: happiness  human 
     
    A whole world is taken to the grave with the dead person; each one of us is unique and unrepeatable.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: world 
     
    Once we realize that the strangers are here forever and won't go away, then, like husband and wife in the old-style marriage, we would try to find a way of living together peacefully and with mutual benefit. The sooner we understand that in a globalized world the diasporic nature of cohabitation is never likely to end, that it will always be with us, I believe such modus vivendi will be found.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    When people think, rightly or wrongly, that marriage is forever, they are stimulated to seek and find a resolution, a modus vivendi, whenever they quarrel.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  forever  marriage 
     
    We belong to talking, not what talking is about... Stop talking - and you are out. Silence equals exclusion.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: silence 
     
    The planet is full and we will be rubbing shoulders forever. There is nowhere else to go.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: forever 
     
    The rationality of the ruled is always the weapon of the rulers.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    'I am insecure' means: I can't cope on my own. The odds are overwhelming. I can't resist them on my own. I need us to join forces, stand shoulder to shoulder, march hand in hand.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    It is so true that in liquid modernity freedom was, so to speak, let off the leash, and for a quite a number of years the freedom of choice was "in principle" unlimited. One result was the weakening of inter-human bonds, particularly inherited bonds, and the counterfactual assumption that individuals must and can fend for themselves.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: freedom  choice  true  year 
     
    We live in a world of communication, everyone gets information about everyone else. There is universal comparison and you don't just compare yourself with the people next door, you compare yourself to people all over the world and with what is being presented as the decent, proper and dignified life. It's the crime of humiliation.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Power, in a nutshell, is the ability to get things done, and politics is the ability to decide which things need to be done.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: power  politics 
     
    The value of other people is that they have something unique to offer.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  value 
     
    Questioning the ostensibly unquestionable premises of our way of life is arguably the most urgent of services we owe our fellow humans and ourselves.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: service 
     
    Unlike 'real relationships', 'virtual relationships' are easy to enter and to exit. They look smart and clean, feel easy to use, when compared with the heavy, slow-moving, messy real stuff.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: smart  real  relationship 
     
    We live in a globalising world. That means that all of us, consciously or not, depend on each other. Whatever we do or refrain from doing affects the lives of people who live in places we'll never visit.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  live  world 
     
    You are a stranger, I am a stranger, we all remain strangers, and nevertheless we can like or even love each other.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    As long as we say: "Alright, it is truth for me, and I believe in it and I am ready to fight for it, but I accept that others have different beliefs - and so let me have a closer look at what they believe" - we can gain from our intercourse thanks to our difference, not despite our difference.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: belief  truth  believe  fight 
     
    You judge a society by the decency of living of the weakest
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: society  living 
     
    In a liquid modern life there are no permanent bonds, and any that we take up for a time must be tied loosely so that they can be untied again, as quickly and as effortlessly as possible, when circumstances change - as they surely will in our liquid modern society, over and over again.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: time  society 
     
    Civilisation, the orderly world in which we live, is frail. We are skating on thin ice. There is a fear of a collective disaster. Terrorism, genocide, flu, tsunamis.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: fear  live  world  terrorism 
     
    In a consumer society, people wallow in things, fascinating, enjoyable things. If you define your value by the things you acquire and surround yourself with, being excluded is humiliating.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Why are people so concerned with relativism? If you look back in history, millions of people were killed because of someone's dogmatic views, but I do not remember anybody being killed due to the tolerance of difference, to relativism; ethically relativism does not seem to be such an awful thing, really.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: people  tolerance 
     
    Never paint epic canvases during the revolution, because the revolutionaries will tear them apart.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: tears  revolution 
     
    If only evil things are done by evil people... Life would be then safe, morally elevated, cozy - we know how to spot evil people and what to do with them to pay for their crimes.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: crimes  evil  people 
     
    The so called "progress," "time marching on," is not a straight line, but a pendulum.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    For one to be free there must be at least two. Freedom signifies a social relation, an asymmetry of social conditions: essentially it implies social difference-it presumes and implies the presence of social division. Some can be free only in so far as there is a form of dependence they can aspire to escape.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: freedom 
     
    The risk of the Holocaust is not that it will be forgotten, but that it will be embalmed and surrounded by monuments and used to absolve all future sins.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: future  risk  sin 
     
    I worry about younger generations who were born to view their country trampling on humanity of everyone that comes in its way, as the 'normal state of affairs" - because they knew no other. We know how easy it is to shed, under such circumstances, the thin and frail veneer of civilization, not to mention the moral standards of which the Jews were presumed to be the world's teachers.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    I think that the essential instruction of the Bible is very much topical. The sole problem is that with every change of historical setting, you need to readjust the interpretation of the message.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    What has been cut apart cannot be glued back together. Abandon all hope of totality, future as well as past, you who enter the world of fluid modernity.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: future  past  world  hope 
     
    The carrying power of a bridge is not the average strength of the pillars, but the strength of the weakest pillar. I have always believed that you do not measure the health of a society by GNP but by the condition of its worst off.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Capitalism proceeds through creative destruction. What is created is capitalism in a 'new and improved' form - and what is destroyed is self-sustaining capacity, livelihood and dignity of its innumerable and multiplied 'host organisms' into which all of us are drawn/seduced one way or another.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    Like the phoenix, socialism is reborn from every pile of ashes left day in, day out, by burnt-out human dreams and charred hopes.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: human  socialism  hope  dreams 
     
    Relationships, like cars, should undergo regular services to make sure they are still roadworthy.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    For the first time in living memory, the whole class of graduates faces a future of crushing debt, and a high probability, almost the certainty, of ad hoc, temporary, insecure and part-time work and unpaid 'trainee' pseudo-jobs deceitfully rebranded as 'practices' - all considerably below the skills they have acquired and eons below the level of their expectations.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    In our world of rampant individualisation, relationships are mixed blessings. They vacillate between a sweet dream and a nightmare, and there is no telling when one turns into the other.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    We have found ourselves in the period of "interregnum": the old works no more, the new is not yet born. But the awareness that without it being born we are all marked for demise, is already much alive, as is the awareness that the hard nut we must urgently crack is not the presence of "too many poor", but "too many rich".
    — Zygmunt Bauman
    tags: work 
     
    I did not and do not think of the solidity-liquidity conundrum as a dichotomy; I view those two conditions as a couple locked, inseparably, in a dialectical bond.
    — Zygmunt Bauman
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