When an individual is taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his freedom by the authorities and is subjected to questioning... he must be warned prior to any questioning that he has the right to remain silent, that anything he says can be used against him in a court of law, that he has the right to the presence of an attorney, and that if he cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed for him prior to any questioning if he so desires.
The fantastic advances in the field of electronic communication constitute a greater danger to the privacy of the individual.
The censor's sword pierces deeply into the heart of free expression.
Legislatures represent people, not acres or trees.
You sit up there, and you see the whole gamut of human nature. Even if the case being argued involves only a little fellow and $50, it involves justice. That's what is important.
There is no requirement that police stop a person who enters a police station and states that he wishes to confess a crime or a person who calls the police to offer a confession because volunteered statements of any kind are not barred by the 5th Amendment.
Before this distinguished assembly and the world, the bells today proclaim the joyous tidings of the completion of this quietly soaring tower.
We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place.
In civilized life, law floats in a sea of ethics.
Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
If Nixon is not forced to turn over tapes of his conversations with the ring of men who were conversing on their violations of the law, then liberty will soon be dead in this nation.
Liberty, not communism, is the most contagious force in the world.
Many people consider the things government does for them to be social progress but they regard the things government does for others as socialism.
To get what you want, STOP doing what isn't working.
I feel that the greatest reward for doing is the opportunity to do more.
Prior to any questioning, the person must be warned that he has a right to remain silent, that any statement he does make may be used as evidence against him and that he has a right to the presence of an attorney, either retained or appointed.
If it is a mistake of the head and not the heart don't worry about it, that's the way we learn.
I always turn to the sports pages first, which records people's accomplishments. The front page has nothing but man's failures.
In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education.
To separate children from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone.
In mid- life the man wants to see how irresistible he still is to younger women. How they turn their hearts to stone and more or less commit a murder of their marriage I just don't know, but they do.
The old Court you and I served so long will not be worthy of its traditions if Nixon can twist, turn and fashion If Nixon gets away with that, then Nixon makes the law as he goes along - not the Congress nor the courts.
I hate banks. They do nothing positive for anybody except take care of themselves. They're first in with their fees and first out when there's trouble.
We may not know the whole story in our lifetime.
Citizenship is the right to have rights.
Our Bill of Rights, the most precious part of our legal heritage, is under subtle and pervasive attacks... In the struggle between our world and Communism, the temptation to imitate totalitarian security methods must be resisted day by day... When the rights of any individual or group are chipped away, the freedom of all erodes.
I believe no one can read the history of our country without realizing that the Good Book and the spirit of the Savior have from the beginning been our guiding geniuses.
Legislators represent people, not trees or acres. Legislators are elected by voters, not farms or cities or economic interests.
We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal education opportunities? We believe that it does.
We are now at the point where we must decide whether we are to honour the concept of a plural society which gains strength through diversity, or whether we are to have bitter fragmentation that will result in perpetual tension and strife.
It is doubtful that congress would pass the Bill of Rights if it were introduced today.
When the rights of any individual or group are chipped away, the freedom of all erodes.
Racial discrimination in public education is unconstitutional..... All provisions of federal, state or local law requiring or permitting such discrimination must yield to this principle.
Everything I did in my life that was worthwhile I caught hell for.
The success of any legal system is measured by its fidelity to the universal ideal of justice.
To summarize: Americans have one of the greatest legal systems, but not a monopoly of the sense of justice, which is universal; nor have we a permanent copyright on the means of securing justice, for it is the spirit and not the form of law that keeps justice alive.
I'm very pleased with each advancing year. It stems back to when I was forty. I was a bit upset about reaching that milestone, but an older friend consoled me. 'Don't complain about growing old - many, many people do not have that privilege.'
The mere summoning of a witness and compelling him to testify against his will, about his beliefs, expressions or associations, is a measure of governmental interference. And when those forced revelations concern maters that are unorthodox, unpopular, or even hateful to the general public, the reactions in the life of the witness may be disastrous.
Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms.
It would indeed be ironic if, in the name of national defence, we would sanction the subversion of one of those liberties which make the defence of our nation worthwhile.